LhasaÂ capital of the Tibet Autonomous Region, Lhasa serves as Tibet’s political, economic, and cultural center as well as the hub of transportation with regular flights to Beijing, Chongqing, Chengdu, Xi’an and Kathmandu as well as major highways passing through.Â Meaning “holy land” in Tibetan language, Lhasa, at an elevation of 3,700 meters, is a famous, ancient cultural city with a history of 1,300 years.Â It is also known as the solar city because it has longer time of sunshine – 3,000 hours a year.Â It is attractive with a long history, brilliant culture, unique folklore, and enchanting highland view. Â
Topping Hongshan, or Red hill, on the Middle Beijing Road in Lhasa, the Potala Palace, a palace with the highest elevation in the world, was built in the 7th century.Â The 13-story main building, 117 meters in height, consists of two parts, the Red Palace and the White Palace.Â It is the headquarters of the Dalai Lamas and is a treasure house of traditional Tibetan culture with a collection of Buddhist statues, murals, Buddhist scriptures, and jewelry.Â It has been listed on the Would Cultural Heritage.
Located in central Lhasa, Jokhang Monastery was erected during the 7th century and is the oldest wooden-and-stone structure in Tibet.Â The monastery enshrines the statue of Sakyamuni, relics since the Tang Dynasty, and statues of King Songtsen Gampo and Princess Wen Cheng.Â Facing West, it is a four-story building with a golden canopy.Â The Large Scripture Hall is the center of the imposing monastery, symbolizing the center of the universe.
Bharkor Street, a ring-like street, surrounds the Jokhang.Â Along the street are many stalls dealing with different kinds groceries, cheese and the things for Buddhists to make circumambulations.Â This market street is the liveliest and best preserved section of the traditional aspect of the city.Â There are also many shops dealing with local products.Â It’s quite interesting for tourists to window shop here.Â Every one must walk along the street clockwisely.Â Pilgrims are often seen to make long prostration in this street.
It was built in 1755 on the orders of the 7th Dalai Lama as the summer palace.Â The main building was the palace for the 14th Dalai Lama, who escaped to India.Â Right in its front is a fountain.Â A lot of buildings and furniture are in the western style.Â Now it serves as a public park with a zoo inside.
It is the largest monastery in Tibet and built against a mountain in traditional Tibetan style.Â It is about 12 km to the northwest of Lhasa.Â It was built in 1416 by the disciples of Tsongkapa.