Dunhuang City used to be the hub of the ancient Silk Road in terms of transportation, trade, and cultural exchanges between China and the Western world.  It takes pride in many famous tourist attractions, such as Dunhuang Grottoes, the Crescent Moon Spring by the Sounding Sand Dune, Yangguan Pass, Yumen Pass, Ancient Shazhou Town after the model of the Song Dynasty (960 – 1279), Danxia land formation, and the Ghost City.  The Summer of Dunhuang, a grand performance, is given from June through October.

Mogao Grottoes
Also know as the 1,000-Buddha Cave, the Mogao Grottoes are found on the cliffs at the eastern foot of the Sounding Sand Dune, 25km southeast of Dunhuang City.  It is 1,610 meters from north to south, and was dug in 366.  There are 491 grottoes, which enshrines 45,000 square meters of murals and 2,400 painted sculptures of all dynasties.  There are five wooden structures of the Tang and Song Dynasties.  These structures, painted sculptures, and mural showcase the cultural exchanges between the Orient and the West during more than 10 dynasties.  The grottoes is the largest of its kind and one of the best-preserved treasures of the arts in the world.  In 1987, the UNESCO listed it as a World Cultural Heritage site.
Crescent Moon Lake
Located 6km southwest of Dunhuang City, they are a world wonder with rolling sand dunes.  Surfing down the hill, one hears a sound.  The Crescent Moon Lake by the Sounding Sand Dune never goes dry.  It is an ideal place for bare-footed, sand-due climbing, sand surfing, camel riding, and parachuting.
Jiuyuguan Pass
Jiuyu Pass stands in the southwestern corner of Jiuyuguan City, and it is the end of the western section of the Ming Great Wall.  The pass is flat and has stairs.  The wall stretches 733  meters.  The imposing watchtowers stand symmetrically in the east and west.  It is the best place to get a panoramic view of the vast expanse of gobi and the landscape outside the Great Wall.  The International Parachuting Festival is held annually at Jiayu Pass.

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